Risks of
Ionizing Radiation

Risks of Radiation to Patients and Staff

Interventional Fluoroscopy: Reducing Radiation Risks for Patients and Staff (cancer.gov)

A guide that discusses the value of interventional fluoroscopy, the associated radiation risk, and the importance of optimizing radiation dose.

The American College of Radiology White Paper on Radiation Dose in Medicine: Deep Impact on the Practice of Cardiovascular Imaging (nih.gov)

The expanding use of imaging modalities using ionizing radiations may result in an increased incidence of radiation-related cancer in the exposed population in the not-too-distant future, and this problem can likely be minimized by preventing the inappropriate use of such imaging and by optimizing studies that are performed to obtain the best image quality with the lowest radiation dose.

The Cancer Epidemiology of Radiation (nature.com)

Studies have demonstrated that exposure to moderate-to-high levels of ionizing radiation can cause most forms of cancer with leukemia, and cancers of the breast, lung and thyroid being particularly sensitive to induction by radiation, especially at young ages at exposure.

Radiological Protection in Fluoroscopically Guided Procedures Performed outside the Imaging Department (ICRP.org)

Lack of radiation protection training of staff working with fluoroscopy outside imaging departments can increase the radiation risk to staff and patients.

Risks of Radiation to Staff

Cancer Risks in U.S. Radiologic Technologists Working With Fluoroscopically Guided Interventional Procedures (ajronline.org)

A guide that discusses the value of interventional fluoroscopy, the associated radiation risk, and the importance of optimizing radiation dose.

Incidence and mortality risks for circulatory diseases in US radiologic technologists who worked with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures (nih.gov)

Although fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures (FGIP) have provided major advances in the treatment of various common diseases, radiation exposures associated with these procedures may cause increased adverse health effects in workers by 34%.

Subclinical carotid atherosclerosis and early vascular aging from long-term low-dose ionizing radiation exposure: a genetic, telomere, and vascular ultrasound study in cardiac catheterization laboratory staff (nih.gov)

This study sought to assess the association between long-term radiation exposure in the catheterization laboratory (cath lab) and early signs of subclinical atherosclerosis.

Radiation-associated lens opacities in catheterization personnel: results of a survey and direct assessments (nih.gov)

The purpose of this study was to estimate ocular radiation doses and prevalence of lens opacities in a group of interventional catheterization professionals and offer practical recommendations based on these findings to avoid future lens damage.

Adverse Events, Radiation Exposure, and Reinterventions Following Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve Replacement (nih.gov)

The purpose of this study was to define the risk of, and associations with, serious adverse events (SAE) and high-dose radiation exposure using large-scale registry data.

Occupational Health Risks in Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory Workers (ahajournals.org)

Health problems are more frequently observed in workers performing fluoroscopically guided cardiovascular procedures than in unexposed controls, raising the need to spread the culture of safety in the Cath laboratory.

Low-Dose Exposure to Ionizing Radiation Deregulates the Brain-Specific MicroRNA-134 in Interventional Cardiologists (ahajournals.org)

There has been growing concern about the health risks for contemporary interventional cardiologists who have high and unprecedented levels of occupational ionizing radiation exposure.

Radiation Safety Program for the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory (onlinelibrary.wiley.com)

The SCAI presents a practical approach to assist cardiac catheterization laboratories in establishing a radiation safety program.

Risks of Radiation to Patients

Initiative to Reduce Unnecessary Radiation Exposure from Medical Imaging (fda.gov)

FDA initiative to reduce unnecessary radiation exposure from medical imaging to patients through safe use, informed decision making, and increased patient awareness.

Fluoroscopically Guided Interventional Procedures: A Review of Radiation Effects on Patients’ Skin and Hair (rsna.org)Incidence and mortality risks for circulatory diseases in US radiologic technologists who worked with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures (nih.gov)

A consensus report of scientific data of radiation effects on patient skin and hair.

Effective Doses in Radiology and Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine (rsna.org)

The purpose of this review is to provide a compilation of effective doses for radiologic and nuclear medicine procedures.

Reduction of Radiation to Children (ahajournals.org)

The benefits of ionizing imaging in children are immense and often life-saving, yet the use of radiation in children raises special concerns and offers a unique challenge.

Radiation Risk From Pediatric Cardiac Catheterization (ahajournals.org)

One worrisome social and medical problem is the long-term effects of intensive medical exposure to ionizing radiation received during childhood, especially for interventional catheterization procedures.

Updated Effective Doses in Radiology (iopscience.iop.org)

The aim of this study was to review literature in order to provide updated values of the typical effective doses associated with the top twenty imaging tests for adults and children.

Obesity is a Major Determinant of Radiation Dose in Patients Undergoing Pulmonary Vein Isolation for Atrial Fibrillation (nih.gov)

This study sought to evaluate the impact of obesity on patient radiation dose during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedures under fluoroscopic guidance.