Risks of
Ionizing Radiation

Risks of Radiation to Patients and Staff

A radiation reduction protocol with a low frame rate and selective fluorography storage was effective at reducing radiation by about 21% during PCI.

Radiation protection aims to reduce unnecessary radiation exposure with a goal to minimize the harmful effects of ionizing radiation with three basic principles – justification, optimization, and dose limitation.

A guide that discusses the value of interventional fluoroscopy, the associated radiation risk, and the importance of optimizing radiation dose.

FDA initiative to reduce unnecessary radiation exposure from medical imaging to patients through safe use, informed decision making, and increased patient awareness.

Lack of radiation protection training of staff working with fluoroscopy outside imaging departments can increase the radiation risk to staff and patients.

Risks of Radiation to Staff

The purpose of this study was to examine risks of cancer incidence and mortality among U.S. radiation technologists performing or assisting with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures.

The expanding use of imaging modalities using ionizing radiations may result in an increased incidence of radiation-related cancer in the exposed population in the not-too-distant future, and this problem can likely be minimized by preventing the inappropriate use of such imaging and by optimizing studies that are performed to obtain the best image quality with the lowest radiation dose.

Studies have demonstrated that exposure to moderate-to-high levels of ionizing radiation can cause most forms of cancer with leukemia, and cancers of the breast, lung and thyroid being particularly sensitive to induction by radiation, especially at young ages at exposure.

Although fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures (FGIP) have provided major advances in the treatment of various common diseases, radiation exposures associated with these procedures may cause increased adverse health effects in workers by 34%.

This study sought to assess the association between long-term radiation exposure in the catheterization laboratory (cath lab) and early signs of subclinical atherosclerosis.

The purpose of this study was to estimate ocular radiation doses and prevalence of lens opacities in a group of interventional catheterization professionals and offer practical recommendations based on these findings to avoid future lens damage.

The purpose of this study was to examine risks of cancer incidence and mortality among U.S. radiation technologists performing or assisting with fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures.

The purpose of this study was to define the risk of, and associations with, serious adverse events (SAE) and high-dose radiation exposure using large-scale registry data.

Health problems are more frequently observed in workers performing fluoroscopically guided cardiovascular procedures than in unexposed controls, raising the need to spread the culture of safety in the Cath laboratory.

There has been growing concern about the health risks for contemporary interventional cardiologists who have high and unprecedented levels of occupational ionizing radiation exposure.

The SCAI presents a practical approach to assist cardiac catheterization laboratories in establishing a radiation safety program.

This report discusses basic policies and procedures employed at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) to assure ionizing radiation safety and security of patients undergoing imaging examination/procedures and for the employees providing these services.

In some medical-imaging procedures such as fluoroscopy, only the center of the filed of view (FOV) may be needed to be visualized with optimal image quality – to reduce the dose to the patient while maintaining visualization of the entire FOV, an aperture for the region of interest (ROI) is used with a substantial reduction of dose when using an ROI during procedures.

Risks of Radiation to Patients

A consensus report of scientific data of radiation effects on patient skin and hair.

Proper training of fluoroscopic operators, understanding the factors that influence radiation dose, and use of various dose reduction techniques may allow effective management of patient dose.

The purpose of this review is to provide a compilation of effective doses for radiologic and nuclear medicine procedures.

The benefits of ionizing imaging in children are immense and often life-saving, yet the use of radiation in children raises special concerns and offers a unique challenge.

One worrisome social and medical problem is the long-term effects of intensive medical exposure to ionizing radiation received during childhood, especially for interventional catheterization procedures.

The aim of this study was to review literature in order to provide updated values of the typical effective doses associated with the top twenty imaging tests for adults and children.

The purpose of this study was to analyze the time course of patient radiation exposure over a 5-year period.

This study sought to evaluate the impact of obesity on patient radiation dose during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedures under fluoroscopic guidance.